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(Health) Mental Illness High among Heroin Users

 
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adedios
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Joined: 06 Jul 2005
Posts: 5060
Location: Angel C. de Dios

PostPosted: Tue Nov 22, 2005 4:00 pm    Post subject: (Health) Mental Illness High among Heroin Users Reply with quote






Mental illness high among heroin users

Tuesday, November 22, 2005. 11:10am (AEDT)
ABC News Online

A report released today into drug use in Australia has found heroin users have a significantly higher rate of mental illness than the rest of the community.

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report found that more than half of the participants who used heroin in the past month were diagnosed or treated for mental illness within the past year.

It is the first time researchers have proven such a strong link.

Report author Dr David Batts says the figure is disturbing.

"These people are needing help and possibly not getting it," he said.

Researchers surveyed children as young as 12 and found a significant increase in the level of drug use when teenagers turn 15.

It also found drug users suffer from much poorer health than non-users, including higher rates of heart disease and asthma.

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Questions to explore further this topic:

What is heroin?

http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/.....eroin.html
http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofacts/heroin.html
http://www.whitehousedrugpolic.....ht/heroin/
http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/hero.html

What are mental illnesses?

http://hcpc.uth.tmc.edu/mental_illnesses.htm
http://www.a2zpsychology.com/p.....llness.htm

GAMES

http://teens.drugabuse.gov/havefun/index.asp
http://www.toosmarttostart.samhsa.gov/puzzle.html
http://library.thinkquest.org/J002597/games.htm


Last edited by adedios on Sat Jan 27, 2007 4:53 pm; edited 2 times in total
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adedios
SuperPoster


Joined: 06 Jul 2005
Posts: 5060
Location: Angel C. de Dios

PostPosted: Tue May 30, 2006 9:50 pm    Post subject: Brain Power! The NIDA Junior Scientist Program: Grades 2-3 Reply with quote

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has developed science education materials for second- and third-grade students on the brain and the effects of drugs on the brain. The curriculum is titled Brain Power! The NIDA Junior Scientist Program and consists of six modules. The goal of the curriculum is to lay the foundation for future scientific learning and substance abuse prevention efforts by providing an early elementary school-age audience with a basis of knowledge and critical thinking skills.

http://www.drugabuse.gov/JSP/JSP.html
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adedios
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Joined: 06 Jul 2005
Posts: 5060
Location: Angel C. de Dios

PostPosted: Tue Apr 24, 2007 2:34 pm    Post subject: White Matter Defects May Lead to Schizophrenia Reply with quote

White Matter Defects May Lead to Schizophrenia

By Amanda Gardner
HealthDay Reporter
posted: 24 April 2007
02:13 pm ET


(HealthDay News) -- Defects in the brain's white matter, which is responsible for communication between parts of the brain, may be a key genetic factor contributing to schizophrenia, a new study suggests.

"This is the first clear demonstration of a new mechanism by which aspects of schizophrenia and other disorders could be produced," said study senior author Gabriel Corfas, an associate professor of neurology and otolaryngology at Harvard Medical School.

"On the one hand, this may help us to understand and start thinking about novel treatment strategies," added Corfas, a member of the neurobiology program at Children's Hospital Boston. "Secondly, this may help in early detection and, nowadays, we know that this is critical."

For the full article:

http://www.livescience.com/healthday/603946.html
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adedios
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 31, 2007 11:33 am    Post subject: Hallucinations in schizophrenia linked to brain area that pr Reply with quote

Radiological Society of North America
31 July 2007

Hallucinations in schizophrenia linked to brain area that processes voices

OAK BROOK, Ill. – For the first time, researchers using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have found both structural and functional abnormalities in specific brain regions of schizophrenic patients who experience chronic auditory hallucinations, according to a study published in the August issue of Radiology.

“The results showed abnormalities in specific areas of the brain associated with the capacity to process human voices,” said lead author, Luis Martí-Bonmatí, M.D., Ph.D., chief of magnetic resonance in the Department of Radiology at Dr. Peset University Hospital in Valencia, Spain.

Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe and disabling brain disorder that affects approximately 1 percent of the global population, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. People with schizophrenia often experience hallucinations, delusional thoughts, paranoia, disorganized thinking and other cognitive difficulties. Although the cause of schizophrenia has not been determined, it is believed to result from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. The condition is treatable, but there is no cure.

“Developing a clear understanding of the pathological abnormalities associated with schizophrenia is one of the greatest challenges in psychiatry,” Dr. Martí-Bonmatí said. “Using MRI to mark brain regions that are affected in both structure and function will help pinpoint specific abnormalities associated with the disease and ultimately enable more effective treatment.”

The researchers studied 31 right-handed men, 21 with schizophrenia who suffered from persistent auditory hallucinations and 10 healthy controls. Morphological MR images were acquired to show abnormalities in brain structure while functional MRI was used to gauge brain response to various emotional and neutral stimuli.

Among the schizophrenic patients, the results showed functional abnormalities and corresponding gray matter deficits in several brain regions associated with regulating emotion and processing human voices.

“We hope that by evaluating combined structural and functional abnormalities in the brains of these patients, we may uncover biological markers to find candidates for specific treatments and better monitor patient response to those treatments,” Dr. Martí-Bonmatí said.

###
Journal attribution required.

Radiology is a monthly scientific journal devoted to clinical radiology and allied sciences. The journal is edited by Anthony V. Proto, M.D., School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va. Radiology is owned and published by the Radiological Society of North America, Inc. (RSNA.org/radiologyjnl)

The Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) is an association of more than 40,000 radiologists, radiation oncologists, medical physicists and related scientists committed to excellence in patient care through education and research. The Society is based in Oak Brook, Ill. (RSNA.org)

“Chronic Auditory Hallucinations in Schizophrenic Patients: MR Analysis of the Coincidence between Functional and Morphologic Abnormalities.” Collaborating on this paper with Dr. Martí-Bonmatí were Juan José Lull, MSc., Gracián García-Martí, MSc., Eduardo J. Aguilar, M.D., David Moratal-Pérez, Ph.D., Cecilio Poyatos, M.D., Montserrat Robles, PhD., and Julio Sanjuán, M.D., Ph.D.
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